Elena graduated from King’s College London with a First Class Honours BSc Degree in Biotechnology, followed by a PhD in Microbiology in 2001. She then progressed to become a Postdoctoral Associate at the University of Warwick, where she carried out research projects within the field of molecular microbial ecology and microbial mutagenesis. In 2006, Elena took up a position of a Research Associate at the University of Bristol to focus on meningitis projects. She holds a PGCE and joined UCW in 2014 where she teaches on a number of HE and Access to HE courses. Her areas of expertise include microbiology, molecular and cell biology, mutagenesis and recombinant gene technology, gene cloning, protein expression, purification and analysis, enzyme kinetics, immunoblotting and enzyme-linked immunoassay procedures. Elena has also contributed to a number of scientific journals, including Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Archives of Microbiology, Clinical Sciences, European Molecular Biology Organisation (EMBO), Journal of Bacteriology, Molecular Microbiology, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) and Public Library of Science (PLoS).